Automatic Transcription of Phonemic and Phonetic Spanish
by David Kenneth Crandall, © 2023


Optional Regular Expression:

[] → []

/   {}_

Example to aspirate ɾ before n or l:
[ɾ] → [ɦ]
/ _{[nl]}

 á  é  í  ó  ú  e̞  ñ  ü  ã  ẽ  ĩ  õ  ũ  i̯  u̯  ə  ɚ  œ  ø  ɑ  æ  ε  ɪ  ɔ  ʊ  ʌ  ʏ  ɨ  ḁ  e̥  o̥  ᶞ  ᵝ  ˠ  ʰ  ʷ  ʱ  ˣ  ⁿ  ʲ 
 ː  ˈ  ˌ  χ  ʎ  ɸ  ɰ  ɺ  ʤ  ʧ  Ɂ  ɾ  θ  θ̬  β̞  ð̞  ɣ̞  ʒ  ʃ  ŋ  s̺  s̪  z̺  z̪  ł  ɦ  ∅  ʝ  ɟ  ɱ  ɲ  ʁ  ɹ  d̝  «  »  ¡  ¿  
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Synalepha (Surround any words with _underscores_ to avoid synalepha)

Syneresis inside words, e.g. reˈal → [ˈrjal]

/b, d, g/ occlusive at start of breath group or after consonants and semivowels: /b, d, g/ → [b, d, g] / {$, C, /j/, /w/}_
/b, d, g/ lost between vowels: /b, d, g/ → ∅ / V_V
/b, d, g/ always occlusive: /b, d, g/ → [b, d, g]
/p, t, k/ voiced between vowels: /p, t, k/ → [b, d, g] / V_V
ʧ alveolar: /ʧ/ → [tʲ]
ʧ fricative: /ʧ/ → [ʃ]
/d/ lost at end of word: /d/ → ∅ / _#
/d/ lost between vowels: /d/ → ∅ / V_V
/d/ becomes flap R between vowels: /d/ → ɾ / V_V
/f, x/ become [ɸ] before [o, u, w]: /f, x/ → [ɸ] / _{/o/, /u/, /w/}
/f/ becomes [p]; /dj/ becomes [dʲ]; /tj/ becomes [tʲ]; /sj/ and /θj/ become [ʃ]
/l/ with rhotacism: /l/ → [ɾ] / _{C, #}
/ʝ/ affricate: /ʝ/ → [ʤ]
/ʎ, ʝ/ lost after front vowels: /ʎ, ʝ/ → [∅] / {/e/, /i/}_
/ʎ/ with rehilamiento: /ʎ/ → [ʒ]
Yeísmo: /ʎ/ → [ɟ] / {/n/, /l/, $}_; /ʎ/ → [ʝ] otherwise.
Yeísmo with unvoiced rehilamiento (sheismo): /ʎ, ʝ/ → [ʃ]
Yeísmo with voiced rehilamiento (zheismo): /ʎ, ʝ/ → [ʒ]
Yeísmo affricate (dzheismo): /ʎ, ʝ/ → [ʤ]
Normal nasal /n/ at end of word before vowel or pause: /n/ → [n] / _{V, $}
Velar nasal /n/ at end of word before vowel or pause: /n/ → [ŋ] / _{V, $}
Bilabial nasal /n/ at end of word before vowel or pause: /n/ → [m] / _{V, $}
Palatalized velars before [e, i, j]: [k, g, ɣ, x] → [c, ɟ, ʝ ç] / _{/e/, /i/, /j/}
/r/ assibilated: /r/ → [ɹ̝]
/r/ uvularized: /r/ → [ʀ̥]
/r/ velarized with flap [ɾ]: /r/ → [xɾ]
/ɾ/ lost at end of word: /ɾ/ → ∅ / _#
/ɾ/ lost at end of syllable: /ɾ/ → ∅ / _]σ
/ɾ/ with lambdization: /ɾ/ → [l] / _{C, #}
/ɾ/ and consonant become geminate: /ɾ/ → C / _(#)C
/ɾ/ becomes [j] at end of syllable: /ɾ/ → [j] / _{C, #}
Ceceo: /s/ → [θ]
Seseo: /θ/ → [s]
/s/ apicoalveolar: /s/ → [s̺]
/s/ coronal: /s/ → [s̪]
/s/ aspirated at end of breath group: /s/ → [h] / _$
/s/ aspirated at end of syllable: /s/ → [h] / _]σ{(#)C̥, $}; /s/ → [ɦ] / _]σ{#V, (#)C̬}
/s/ aspirated at end of word before vowel: /s/ → [ɦ] / _#V
/s/ aspirated at end of word before unstressed vowel: /s/ → [ɦ] / _#V[-stress]
/s/ aspirated before consonant: /s/ → [h] / _(#)C̥; /s/ → [ɦ] / _(#)C̬
/s/ aspirated before consonant in same word: /s/ → [h] / _C̥; /s/ → [ɦ] / _C̬
/s/ lost at end of breath group: /s/ → ∅ / _$
/s/ lost at end of syllable: /s/ → ∅ / _]σ
/s/ lost at end of word: /s/ → ∅ / _#
/s/ voiced between vowels: /s/ → [z] / V_V
/s/ voiced at end of word before vowels: /s/ → [z] / _#V
/s/ and consonant become geminate: /s/ → C / _(#)C
/θ/ aspirated at end of syllable: /θ/ → [h] / _]σ{(#)C̥, $}; /θ/ → [ɦ] / _]σ{#V, (#)C̬}
/θ/ aspirated before consonant: /θ/ → [h] / _(#)C̥; /θ/ → [ɦ] / _(#)C̬
Vowel and /s/ at end of syllable become long vowel: /Vs/ → Vː / _]σ
Vowels /a, e, o/ opened before /s, ɾ, θ / at end of syllable, and these are lost: /as, es, is, os, us; aɾ, eɾ, iɾ, oɾ, uɾ; aθ, eθ, iθ, oθ, uθ/ → [æ, ε, i, ɔ, u] / _]σ
Unstressed vowels lost between unvoiced consonants: /a, e, i, o, u/[-stress] → ∅ / {C̥}_{C̥}
Vowels nasalized and /n/ lost at end of syllable: /a, e, i, o, u/ → [ã, ẽ, ĩ, õ, ũ] / _]σ
/we/ becomes [o]: /we/ → [o]
/w/ acquires velar /g/ before it: /w/ → /gw/
/gw/ loses velar /g/: /gw/ → /w/
/x/ palatalized before [e, i, j]: /x/ → [ç] / _{/e/, /i/, /j/}
/x/ softened: /x/ → [h]
/x/ hardened: /x/ → [χ]

Note: "#" is word boundary. "$" is breath (phonic) group boundary. "]σ" is end of syllable.
Amazonian, North
Amazonian, South
Andalusian, East
Andalusian, Northwest
Andalusian, Southwest
Argentinian, Central
Argentinian, North, and Paraguayan
Argentinian, Northwest
Argentinian and Uruguayan, Rioplatense
Argentinian, Río Negro
Argentinian, Santiagueño
Argentinian, West
Bolivian, East
Bolivian, Highland
Bolivian, South
Canarian, Grancanarian
Canarian, East
Canarian, West
Castilian, Central
Castilian, North
Central American, Middle
Chilean, North
Colombian, Caucano
Colombian and Venezuelan, Highland
Colombian and Venezuelan, Llanero
Colombian and Venezuelan, North Coast
Colombian, Paisa
Colombian, Pastuso
Colombian, Tumaqueño
Colombian, West Coast
Costa Rican and Guatemalan
Cuban and Puerto Rican, Central
Cuban, Southeast
Cuban, West
Dominican, East
Dominican, North
Dominican, Santo Domingo
Dominican, Southwest
Dominican, West
Ecuadorian, Coastal
Ecuadorian, and Central Peruvian, Highland
Equatorial Guinean, Annobon
Equatorial Guinean, Bioko
Equatorial Guinean, Mainland
Guatemalan and Costa Rican
Guatemalan, Peten, and Mexican, Chiapaneco
Mexican, Chiapaneco, and Guatemalan, Peten
Mexican, Coastal
Mexican, Highland
Mexican, Northeast
Mexican, Northwest
Mexican, South Highland
Mexican, West
Mexican, West Coast
Mexican, Yucateco
New Mexican
Paraguayan and North Argentinian
Peruvian, Central Coast
Peruvian, Central, Highland and Ecuadorian, Highland
Peruvian, North Highland
Peruvian, South
Peruvian, South Highland
Puerto Rican and Cuban, Central
Puerto Rican, East
Puerto Rican, Northeast
Puerto Rican, Southwest
Uruguayan and Argentinian, Rioplatense
Venezuelan, East
Venezuelan and Colombian, Highland
Venezuelan and Colombian, Llanero
Venezuelan and Colombian, North Coast

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